Treaty of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), 1975
This treaty was signed on 28 May 1975 in Lagos, Nigeria by Fifteen (15) Member States namely Benin, Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta), Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo.
This treaty established the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Its main objective was the promotion of regional and economic integration among its members, thus creating a single trading bloc to achieve collective self-sufficiency.
The treaty defines various principles, institutions and other provisions of the Community that have to do with membership. It came into force provisionally on 28 May 1975 and definitively on 20 June 1975, the date when seven signatory States had ratified it in conformity with their constitutional procedures, in accordance with article 62 (1):
Liberia (30 May 1975), Nigeria (2 June 1975), Guinea (5 June 1975), Ghana (6 June 1975), Gambia (6 June 1975), Côte d’Ivoire (12 June 1975) and Burkina Faso (20 June 1975)
The Treaty was revised on 24 July 1993.
Date of publication: 28 May 1975
Theme: ECOWAS Frameworks
Type: ECOWAS Treaty
Source: ECOWAS Library and Documentation Centre